As you can see by the long length of credits at the end of movies or television programs, there are a significant amount of workers involved in creating and distributing films. However, employment in the production industry can be classified broadly according to the three filmmaking phases which are;
Preproduction is the planning phase, when all the plans are made for the project, which includes casting, budgeting, costume and set design, finding the right location, scheduling, and construction.
Production is the phase when the actual filming is being done and the film is being made. The production phase can include any number of people; a documentary may consist of just a few individuals involved and a feature film may have hundreds.
Postproduction comes after the filming is complete. It is basically the phase where the music is added in and the clips are edited to reach the final outcome.
Some workers will take part in every phase along with the Director and Producer, who is always involved in all three phases, from start to finish and beyond.
Producers may maintain multiple contacts with publishers and literary agents as well as read numerous manuscripts and watch a number of films always looking for new ideas that can possibly be turned into a box office hit movie or a great television show that will bring in a lucrative amount of earnings.
In addition, it is the responsibility of the producer to find financing for the projects they are working on. They are also responsible for selecting scripts, cast members, and filming locations which they may work closely with a director to make these choices as these choices can greatly affect their budget and directors are good at developing visual and thematic images for the film as well as interpreting scripts.
The Director basically directs the cast and crew during shooting while also supervising everyone else on the set, including set designers, screenwriters, and those who work in costume, lighting, makeup, and more. Directors are the ones in charge of the artistic and technical aspects of the film and may also hold rehearsals and auditions, or help by finding a talent agent, and approve scenery, locations, costumes, music, and choreography.
During large production projects, a producer may also work with a production manager, who is in charge of casting, crews, travel, and equipment, especially if they are on a tight deadline they must adhere to.
Assistant directors help Directors with a number of things such as; arranging accommodations like food, handling the equipment, transportation and hiring performers for the film, who don’t have any lines.
In some instances, directors assume multiple roles, like writer-producer-director or director-producer. To be a successful director, it is important to create effective teams by knowing and hiring the ones who best fit the parts.
Working in the movie and film industry can be both fun and challenging for anyone willing to work hard.